The Welty Chronically August 2003
500 Year History
Ancestral Data Earliest direct ancestors are Bold, underlined, and
1500's The Welty, Weldi, Waelti, Welti, family from which we
descend appears to
Another group of Weltys was in the Canton of Zurich.
heresy, following the teachings of Ulrich Zwingli.
Stoffel Waelti a peasant from Ruegsau, is brought
before the authorities for listening to Anabaptist sermons.
1537 Bernhard Waelti, a peasant from Ruederswil, becomes a
1539 Margreth Waelti, a peasant woman from Ruederswil becomes
1600's The Bernese Anabaptists become followers of Menno Simon,
and become known as Mennonites.
ca. 1655 Hans Heinrich Hunsacker is born. He will marry Barbara
Neunlistin. Their son Johannes Jacob Hunsacker b. ca. 1675,
will marry Margretha Buss. Their child Hartman Hunsacker
b. ca. 1690, is the line we descend from.
Karl Ludwig, Elector of the Palatinate in
immigration of a limited number of Swiss Mennonite families.
Persecution of the Mennonites in
intolerable, and several
hundred leave for the
devastated by the 30 years war, 1618 – 1648, and workers are
needed to reclaim the land. The Mennonites are forbade to
baptize or build churches. Each family has to pay an annual fee
as "protection money."
1672 Hans Welte, 30, wife dead, is in Spressum, (Spiesheim, a village
north of Alzey). His protection money is 12 Reichsthaler.
1672 census of Mennonites in
A Hans Welte was imprisoned
for being an Anabaptist in this year. It is probably the same man.
Peter Welte, 38, wife, 2 children, a third on the way, is living in
Weynum, (Weinheim, a village slightly west of Alzey) His
protection money is 5 Reichsthaler. 1672 census of Menonites in
grandfather, of our ancestor Peter Welde, who will be born in
Peter Welde born-
1696 Catherine, (Catharina) Hunsacker? born, probably in
Peter Welde marries Catherine, probably in
ca. 1721 Gasper Roland, (Rowland) is born. He will marry Mary
They will have eight children. Joseph will be our connection
to the line.
1724 A Peter (Velde) Welty, a Mennonite living at Rodenbach, a
entire livelihood of 50 florins/ year.
Peter and Catherine Welde arrive at
is changed to Welty. Peter is believed to be in
John and Abraham I, and 5 daughters.
ca. 1730 John (Johannes) Welty, Abraham Welty I's brother, is born.
He will marry Eva Gochnauer, Jacob Gochnauer's daughter.
They will have at least 13 children.
Gochnauer, sometimes (Cocghnower,
Cochenauer, Kegenower, Coughenour, Kochenhauer)
1731 Mary Hunsucker, daughter of Hartman Hunsacker and Anna
Stirtz is born. She has at least eight brothers and sisters.
She will marry Gasper Roland, father of Joseph Roland.
A sister, Magdalena will marry a Gochenour. Another
Elizabeth, will take Jacob Gochenour as a second husband.
1732 Abraham Welty I is born, probably in Lancaster, County, Penn.
19 Jan 1733 Peter Welty receives a land warrant for 135 acres, in York
26 Feb 1745 Peter Welty receives a second land warrant in York County,
Penn. The land in the area is also claimed by Maryland,
causing a jurisdictional dispute.
1740's Gochnauer's are listed as among the first settlers of Page
ca. 1750 Joseph Roland is born. He will marry Catherine Dobbin.
He will father Mary Roland Welty, and five other children.
30 June 1755 Peter Welty writes his will. He gives his wife,30 pounds, his
house, 12 bushels of wheat, and 5 bushels of rye annually, a
hundredweight of pork, 2 cows, and "fouther toed" and 2
"yearders with fleece". Abraham I, and John get 2 pieces of
land, which they have to pay the estate for.
1755 Peter Welty, (Welde) dies in Mannheim Township, York
County, Penn, at about age 60.
22 Aug 1755 Peter Welty's will is proved.
23 Nov 1756 Abraham Welty I marries Maria (Mary) Magdalena
Gochnauer, Eva's sister, both daughters of Jacob Gochnauer.
The Welty brothers, John and Abraham, have married
Gochnauer sisters, Maria and Eva.
Abraham and Mary will have at least twelve children.
Catherine, m. Jacob Crouse, Mary, m. John Hendricks,
David, m. Mary Brown, Jacob, m. Rachel, Fanny (Francis,
Frena), Peter, m. Elizabeth, Abraham II, and John.
1760 Peter Welty, son of Abraham I, is born in York, Pennsylvania.
7 July 1761 Abraham I acquires two tracts of land, 195 &1/4 acre, and
59 acres in Shrewbury Township, York County, Penn. These
tracts border land owned by his brothers in law, Abraham Beery,
and John Kochenauer.
9 Sept 1763 Abraham I, living in Manchester Township, Penn. buys
180 acres in Manheim Township, York County, Penn. from
John Huntzacker and wife, for 450 pounds. At some point he
leaves the Mennonite religion and becomes a Dunker, i.e.
1766 Abraham I moves to a Dunker colony in Frederick County,
20 June 1766 Abraham I buys two tracts, "Good Spring", containing 100
acres, a draft of Great Pipe Creek, and "Small Hoope" containing
13.5 acres, in Frederick County, Maryland. The seller is a
Dunkard minister, Gasper Roland and his wife Mary, whose
granddaughter, Mary, will marry Abraham II, son of Abraham I.
14 Nov 1768 Abraham I sells his land in York County, Penn, to Abraham
Beery, for 450 pounds.
1 Aug 1770 Abraham I, farmer, buys "Level Glade", in Frederick County,
Maryland, from Phillip Greenwood, Blacksmith for 840 pounds.
It has 114.25 acres, and is near a little valley that descends to
Little Pipe Creek.
20 Nov 1770 Abraham I sells "Good Spring" and "Small Hoope" in Fredrick
County, Maryland to Abraham Roland for 450 pounds. He also
buys 8 acres of "Leonard's Range, on Sam's Creek, from Casper
Devilbiss for 32 pounds.
1 June 1773 Abraham I buys 4 acres of "Deeps" from Adam Lemmon for 13
pounds, 10 shillings. He also sells two tracts on Sam's Creek, to
Christian Haas, for 200 pounds. These were 90 acres of "Level
Glade", and 10 acres of the "Deeps".
16 Nov 1773 Abraham Welty I sells "Level Glade", 87 acres, and "Leonard
Range", 8 acres, and with other Dunkard
families, moves to Rowan County, North Carolina.
As part of the sale, (Mary) Magdalena Welty, Abraham I, wife
relinquishes her right of dower to land in Frederick County.
Maryland. The sale brings in 1,700 pounds of Pennsylvania
money. The sale includes buildings, merchant mills, grist mills,
and saw mills, so Abraham I was definitely a merchant and
mill owner. The buyers are Christian Haas and Henry Landis.
1776 John Welty, son of Abraham I is born, probably in
Aug 1777 Abraham Welty I, has settled on Dutchman's Creek near other
Dunkers, and some Quakers. He first appears in the records of
Rowan County, North Carolina, at this time. This area will later
become Davie County.
1778 The Dutchman's Creek congregation is strictly pacifist.
Abraham I signs a oath of allegiance to the Colonial Cause,
in Rowan County, and appears on that counties tax role.
Start of the Abraham Welty II Chronicle
Grandparents and great grandparents are in italics, Parents are in bold italics. Children in Bold Type, grandchildren of Abraham II are underlined.
21 March 1780 Abraham I is claiming 640 acres of land near Bear Creek,
bordering land owned by Benjamin Bently.
1780 Abraham Welty II is born, in Rowan County,
1782 Abraham I is helping a Dunkard, John Crouse, with a land
claim. The pacifist dunkers are having trouble competing
late 1786 The state orders the Rowan County sheriff, Hugh Torrence,
to seize two stills and three brass kettles from Abraham
Weatty. They had belonged to John Latshaw, of Baltimore,
Maryland, who has been murdered.
1787 Mary Roland is born, Rowan County, North Carolina..
10 April 1787 Abraham Welty I buys 393 acres on Bear Creek, from Daniel
Lewis for 40 pounds.
17 July 1787 Abraham Welty I writes his will, and signs his mark.
He leaves Mary two horses, three cows, her bed and bedding,
her clothes, his largest iron pot, a basin, two pewter plates, and
six spoons. She also is left the land and plantation, as long as
she is a widow. If she remarries, the land is to be sold, and she
will get a child's share. Everything else is to immediately sold,
and split between the children, with his wife getting a child's
share. He gives John Hendrick, the Dunkard minister? 100
acres, and rights to some other land. The 80 pounds from this
deal is to be split equally between his wife and children.
before 6 Aug 1787 Abraham Welty I dies, in North Carolina. Abraham II is
17 years old. His brothers are Peter, Jacob, David, and John.
His sisters are Fanny Welty Hendricks, Catherine Welty
Crouse, and Mary Welty Hendricks. There may be other
9 Aug 1787 The state of North Carolina grants the Abraham Welty I, estate,
63 acres in the fork of Dutchman and Cedar Creek.
Grant # 1563.
24 Sept 1787 The heirs of Abraham Welty I, buy 520 acres on Bear Creek
for 500 pounds.
2 Feb 1788 The heirs of Abraham Welty I sell 150 acres on Bear Creek for
200 pounds to John Roland. They also sell 160 acres on Bear
Creek to Daniel Hendrix, for 200 pounds.
1790 The census lists the Gasper, Joseph, and John Roland families
in Rowan County, North Carolina. They own no slaves.
Gasper's family includes one son under 16, and two daughters.
Joseph's family includes 1 son over 16, 1 son under 16,
4 daughters, and one apparently unrelated person. There are no
Welty's listed, so the family apparently has moved on to
Kentucky. Kentucky did not have a 1790 census.
26 Oct 1790 The heirs of Abraham Welty I, sell 78 acres to John Hendrix Jr,
for 95 pounds.
pre 16 Aug 1794 Abraham's brother, John (Joannes) Welty dies in
Mannheim Twnshp, York County, Penn. He was an elder in the
1795-1796 Mary Welty is listed on the tax rolls of Bourbon County,
Kentucky. The family may be there until 1802.
1799 Major Christopher Clark visits the town spring at what will
become Troy, Lincoln County Missouri, and finds a small
Indian village with their wigwams placed in a circle around the
spring. These are reported to have been Sac and Fox. The area
is officially the Province of Upper Louisiana,
and is commonly called New Spain. Its capital is St Louis.
1800 Spain cedes France the area that will later become Missouri.
3 May 1800 The heirs of Abraham Welty I, sell 241 acres on Buffalo Creek,
on the East side of Dutchman's Creek in Rowan County, North
Carolina, to Davis Sparks.
1800 Census Mary Welty and Joseph Roland are in Bourbon County
Kentucky, just north east of Lexington. Peter Welty, Abraham's
brother is in Clark County, Kentucky, adjacent to Bourbon, and
to the South. David Welty, another brother, is in Warren County
Kentucky, south east of Bowling Green. Four other Weltys,
Jacob, Casper, John and Frederick are in Maryland. Three more
George, John and fnu, are in Pennsylvania. Some of these may
1801 The first cabins are built at what will become Troy, Missouri.
During this year Joseph Roland and Abraham Welty II move to
Warren County Kentucky.
18 July 1801 Moses Bond is born in Spottslyvania county, Virginia.
3 May 1802 Abraham Welty II marries Mary (Polly) Francis Rowland, in
Warren County, Kentucky. She is the daughter of Joseph and
Catherine Roland, (Rowland). Joseph is an ordained Dunkard
minister, and the son of Gasper and Mary Roland. He is 22, she
is just 15. Abraham and Mary will have ten children. Zillah,
Elizabeth, Fanny, Mahala, Christina "Catherine",
Mary "Polly", Rosanna, Rachel, and two sons, R. Elisha,
and Joseph R. The Rolands have obviously been moving with
the Dunkard community. Abraham is the great grandson of
Hartman Hunsacker and Anna Stirtz. Mary is their great
From this point on in this chronology Abraham Welty II,
will be referred to just as Abraham Welty.
after 1802 John Welty, Abraham's brother dies in Kentucky.
1803 Thomas Jefferson makes the Louisiana Purchase, and the
area that will become Missouri becomes part of the United
States. Abraham appears on the Warren County Kentucky
tax rolls through 1818.
30 June 1803 Elizabeth "Betsy" Welty is born in Warren County?
Kentucky. Another source says 20 June.
1804 Frances Mary "Fanny" Welty is born in Warren County?
1805 There are many settlements of the Sac and Fox within what
is now Lincoln County. It is a favorite hunting ground for the
two tribes, which are primarily located in the Rock River
country of Illinois. Black Hawk, who would later lead the
tribe to war, liked to drink and dance at Adam Zumwalts
distillery, at Zumwalts spring, (Big Springs Mills), near Flint
Hill, Lincoln County. At this time he was quite friendly.
4 Nov 1806 Abraham receives warrants for 200 acres on the Lick Fork of
Drakes Creek, and another for 33 acres, in Warren County,
28 July 1808 Sophia "Zillah" "Tolah" Welty is born in Warren County,
7 April, 1810 Mahala Welty is born in Franklin, Warren County,
1810 Census Mary Welty, is living next to David Welty, son of Abraham I,
in Bourbon County, Kentucky. He appears to have moved
back from Warren County. Abraham's brother Peter is living
in Warren County, Kentucky. Abraham is in Warren County,
living next door to his father in law, Joseph Roland.
Abraham's family consists of his wife and 4 daughters. John
Roland is also living in the County.
Late 1810-Early 1811 R. Elisha Welty is born in Warren County Kentucky.
3 (13) March 1812 Christina "Catherine" "Tene" Welty is born in
Warren County, Kentucky. There are several birth dates, the
latest being 13 Nov. 1812.
12 June 1812 War with Great Britain and their Indian allies is declared by
Congress. Woods Fort is built at Troy, Stouts Fort near Auburn,
and Fort Howard was built near Cap-au Gris. Five tribes
consider Lincoln County their hunting grounds. Black Hawk
has been commissioned a Brigadier General in the British
Army, and brings a war party into Lincoln County. A number of
people are killed on both sides, and the fight ends up at the "sink
hole" near Black Hawk spring, near Fort Howard. The Indians
are trapped in the sink hole till dark, then escape. A number of
the Lincoln County Rangers will serve under Daniel Boone's
two sons, and a grandson, from St Charles County. Col. Daniel
M. Boone, one of the sons, did most of the U. S. Government
surveys in Lincoln County. Daniel Boone has
been a judge for the Spaniards in this area, and has built a
massive house designed as a fort. The Pottowatomies massacre
a family near Clarksville. A significant number of settlers and
Indians were killed in Lincoln county during the war.
1813 Lt Zachary Taylor, who will one day become president, takes
command of Woods fort. Daniel Boone reportedly also visits
the fort. The Story of Troy, 140th Anniversary Program.
Joseph R.Welty, Abraham's son is born in Warren County,
Kentucky, in either 1815, 17, or 19.
1814 The Treaty of Ghent brings the War of 1812 to an end.
Feb 1816 Mary Welty is born in Warren County, Kentucky.
5 Jan 1818 Rosannah (Rose Anna) Welty is born in Warren County,
Kentucky. Another source says the date is 15 Jan.
14 Dec 1818 Lincoln County, Mo. is formally named and established.
1818 Elizabeth Welty marries Samuel Howell in Barren County
Kentucky. Obituary. He was born in Franklin Co. Georgia.
Barren County is next to Warren County. They will
immediately move to Allen County, Kentucky, which was
formed in 1815 from Warren and Barren Counties..
Their children are Abraham, Robert, Sarah A., and Mary, who
married and divorced Calvin Smith. Samuel, and Warren, who
died in the Civil War, at Rock Hill, Mississippi, on 19 June
1862. Rose Ann, and Logan, who served in the Civil War in
the 5th Iowa Cavalry, and survived Andersonville prison.
Allen, Moses, Benjamin, who appears to have died as a child in
Kentucky, and James Madison Howell, who will
die of wounds suffered in the Civil War, on 6 Jan 1866.
28 Jan 1819 Simpson County, Kentucky is created from Warren County.
The Abraham Welty land is now in Peterburg Township,
Simpson County, Kentucky. Abraham will appear on the
Simpson County tax rolls till 1825.
1 Jan 1820 Frances Mary "Fanny" Welty marries Heinrick "Thomas" East
in Simpson County, Kentucky. They will be the parent of 12 to
14 children, one of which will marry William Smith Jr.
1820 Rachel Welty is born in Simpson County, Kentucky.
1820 Census Abraham Welty is in Simpson County, Kentucky. His family
consists of his wife, two sons, under 10, One is R. Elisha, who
has to be almost 10, and the other named Joseph R. . Three
daughters, between 10 and 16, and three daughters, between 16
and 26. He owns no slaves.
24 April 1820 Authority is enacted to sell land in Missouri.
April 1820 A John Welty, relationship unknown, is buying a town lot in
Monroe, i.e. Old Monroe. N.W. Circuit Records p. 42, 1820.
1823- 1826 John and William S. Welty are paying taxes in St Charles
County, Mo. Their relationship to Abraham is unknown.
1825 Peter Welty, Abraham's brother dies in Simpson County,
1 Jan 1826 Zillah (Zilla) (Zella) Welty marries Moses Bond. They will
have a daughter Elizabeth E. Moses was farming in Stokes Co.
N. Carolina, in 1820.
April 1826 Samuel Howell and Elizabeth Welty Howell, move from Allen
County, Kentucky, to St Charles County, Missouri. Samuel will
work initially as a storekeeper. Part of Allen County is
fought over by Tennessee and Kentucky, and will eventually
become part of Sumner County, Tennessee.
28 May 1826 Abraham, acting as a ordained Dunkard Minister, witnesses a
certificate of Ordination to Isham Gibson. He is a Bishop of the
Church of Brethern. The certificate is also signed by Joseph
Rowland . (Roland).
June or late 1826 Abraham Welty moves his family to Lincoln County,
Missouri. He is a farmer and a Dunkard Minister, i.e. German
Baptist. They travel in covered wagons.
June 1826 Samuel and Elizabeth Welty Howell move to Lincoln County.
Samuel is suffering from the chills. To get a cabin built he spent
his last half dollar on two gallons of whiskey, and gets a pig on
credit for a barbecue. He promises to break flax to pay for it.
That was enough to treat the neighbors who helped raise the
cabin. Corn is $.15/bushel, wheat $.30/bushel, bacon
$.015/pound, best horses, $30-40. best cows, $5-7. all mostly
used in barter deals.
20 Feb 1827 Thomas East, Fanny Welty's husband, files on 80 acres in
Lincoln County, Mo. It is the E ½ SW of Sect. 17, T 49N,
R 1W. This transaction and the others that followed,
apparently required travel to Palmyra Mo. some 65 miles N of
Troy, to the Land Office. This means two or three days on the
road to get there, a day to do business, then two or three days to
get home. Since it takes a week, they are picking times of the
year when they aren't busy, and several family members
go at a time in most cases.
9 Aug 1827 Mahala Welty marries David Presley Jr in Lincoln
County Mo. They will have four sons, Anthony, Franklin,
Elias, and Ransom, and eight daughters, Rhoda, Mary, Almina,
Ellen, Melvina, Elizabeth, Mae P., and Barbara. The story of
Barbara's tragic life with Sydney Smith is told in the William
Smith Sr Family History. Another source says 5 Aug.
1828 Joseph and Catherine Roland, Mary Roland Welty's parents,
move to Sangamon County, Illinois.
1 June 1829 David Presley, Mahala Welty's husband files for 80 acres in
Lincoln Co. Mo. It is the E ½ NE of Sect. 21, T 49N, R 1W.
Abraham Welty also files on 80 acres of land in Lincoln Co.
Mo. It is the W ½ SE of Sect. 21 T 49N, R 1W. His wife will
sell this land to William Smith Sr, Mary's second husband
when her father dies.
1 July 1829 Samuel Howell, Elizabeth Welty's husband files on 80 acres
in Lincoln Co. Mo. It is the E ½ NW of Sect. 20, T 49N,
R 1W. He pays $1.25 per acre.
1829 Samuel Howell, Elizabeth Welty's husband, encounters a
Indian at his deer hunting camp on the banks of the Mississippi.
He has to show him his gun and his kill. After a scary start,
they part on good terms. History of Lincoln County 1888
1829 Samuel Howell, Elizabeth Welty's husband, and friends,
encounters a Indian camp with a old man, old woman, and
young woman near the mouth of Cuivre River, on the
Mississippi. They share some talk and dried venison and salt,
which Samuel doesn't like. He thinks the young Indian woman
is the handsomest woman he ever saw. She covers her head
with a deer skin to hide from them. History of Lincoln
County 1888. Samuel Howell was baptized unto the
Universalist Church in Troy during the year. By 1837 this
church is know as the Dunkard Universalist Church. Any
participation by Abraham Welty in this church is
undocumented, but probable.
1830 Abraham and family are listed in the Lincoln County Missouri
Census. His family consists of his wife, 1 son between 10 to 15,
probably Joseph, 1 son between 15 and 20, probably Elisha,
who believed to be 20, and an older unidentified man between
70 and 80, perhaps a relative, and 4 daughters.
They own no slaves. Samuel Howell, Moses Bond and their
families are also listed.
1Sept 1831 Christina "Catherine" Welty marries Young Howell,
Samuel's brother, in Lincoln County, Missouri. They are
married by her father Abraham. Lincoln County Marriage
records. They have 10 children, 7 boys, and 3 girls.
One of their sons, Francis Marion Howell will serve in
the 3rd Reg. Cavalry.
1832 Samuel Howell, Elizabeth Welty's husband, and Thomas East,
Fanny Welty's husband are drafted into the army, from
Lincoln County, to fight in the Black Hawk war. The fighting
is along the Mississippi River in Illinois and Wisconsin.
Abraham Lincoln is also a veteran of this war. History of
Lincoln County 1888.
1831-1832 Col. David Bradley, the agent for the Seneca Indians from Ohio,
camps with the whole tribe in Monroe township of Lincoln
County. They are being moved to Indian Territory. History of
Lincoln County, 1888.
15 Oct 1834 Moses Bond, Zillah Welty's husband files on 40 acres in
Lincoln Co. Mo. It is the W ½ NW of Sect. 29, in T 49N, 1W.
It will later be part of the William Smith Sr homeplace.
1835 The Lincoln Academy is chartered in Troy.
13 Oct 1835 Young Howell, Christina Welty's husband files on 80 acres in
Lincoln Co. Mo. It is the W ½ SE of Sect 20, T 49N, R 1W.
On this same date David Presley, husband of Mahalia Welty,
files on 80 acres of land in Lincoln Co. Mo. It is the W ½ of
Sect. 4, T 49N, R 1W. Also on this date, Moses Bond, Zillah
Welty's husband files on 80 acres in Lincoln Co. Mo. It is the
NENE part of Sect. 30, T 49N, R 1W. It will later be part of
the William Smith Sr homeplace.
14 Oct 1835 David Presley, files on another 40 acres in Lincoln Co. Mo. It
is the NWSE of Sect. 4, T 49N, R 2W.
21 Oct 1835 David Presley files on two more pieces of land in Lincoln Co.
Mo. The first is 40 acres, the NESE of Sect 4, T 49N, R 2W.
The second parcel is 40 acres, the SWSW of Sect. 3, T 49N,
15 Feb. 1836 Samuel Howell, Elizabeth Welty's husband files on 40 acres
in Lincoln Co. Mo. It is the NWNW of Sect. 20, T 49N, R 1W.
20 Aug 1836 Abraham, Moses Bond and Samuel Howell sign legal
documents so the can handle Abraham's son, Joseph R.
Welty's estate. He has died at an age between 16 and 21.
1836 Moses Bond and wife Zillah now own 120 acres. Abraham
owns 120, and is second owner on 80 acres under Francis
Parkers name. Another 80 acres are in his sons Elisha and
Joseph R. names. Joseph R. is a co-owner with Rosannah
Welty Early's family.
25 June 1836 Elisha files on 40 acres of land. He is given a certificate of
entry on this date. The transaction is not completed until 28
1837 Universalist history states the Troy church was being revived
by Dunkard Universalists in this year. Universalist services
have been reported in Troy as early as 1812, at Woods Fort.
It was the earliest Universalist church in Missouri. Abraham
Welty's association with this church is unknown.
31 May 1837 Abraham advertises the Joseph R. Welty land in the
paper. It is to be sold in August.
Aug 1837 Abraham buys Joseph's land for $80 from his estate.
2 Nov 1837 Young Howell, Christina Welty's husband, files on 40 acres
in Lincoln Co. Mo. It is the SESE of Sect. 20, T 49N, R 1W.
Joseph R. Welty, Abraham's son, files on 40 acres of land in
Lincoln Co. Mo. It is the NENE of Sect. 10, T 49N, R. 2W.
This must have been a action in progress before he died, which
22 Feb 1838 Rosannah Welty marries Charles Early, in Lincoln County,
Missouri. They will have 11 children, 4 sons and 7 daughters.
One of the daughters Mahalia will marry back into the Welty
line when she marries James Madison Howell, the grandson of
Young Howell and Christina Catherine Welty.
2 Aug 1838 Thomas East, Fanny Welty's husband files on 40 acres in
Lincoln County Mo. It is the NWSW of Sect. 17, T 49N,
R 1W. On this same date David Presley, Mahala Welty's
husband files on 160 acres in Lincoln Co. Mo. It is the NW ¼
of section 10, T 49N, R 1W. Moses Bond, Zillah Welty's
husband also files on 80 acres of Lincoln Co. Mo. land. It is
the E ½ NW of Sect 29, T 49N, R 1W. It will later be part of
the William Smith Sr homeplace. Thomas East, Fanny
Welty's husband also files on 40 acres of land in Lincoln Co.
Mo. It is the NW SW Sect. 17, T 49 N, R 1W. This is
shorthand for the NW ¼ of the SW ¼ of Section 17.
28 Aug 1838 Samuel Howell, Elizabeth Welty's husband files on 40 acres
in Lincoln Co. Mo. It is the NWNE of Sect. 18, T 49N, R 1W.
Young Howell, Christina Welty's husband also files on 40
acres in Lincoln Co. Mo. on this date. It is the NESE of Sect.
20, in T 49N, R 1W. Abraham Welty also files on 40 acres of
land in Lincoln Co. Mo. It is the SWSW of Sect. 21, T. 49N,
R. 1W. His wife will also sell this piece to William Smith Sr at
a later date. Elisha Welty, Abraham's son files on 40 acres in
Lincoln Co. Mo. It is the SWNW of Sect. 21, T. 49N, R. 1W.
He is between 23 and 28 years old. His signature is
recorded on the document. The 1836 land map shows Elisha
owning this land, so the 1838 filing is apparently the final step
in a process that took several years to complete when acquiring
land. All other land dates in this log should all reflect this final
acquisition date, rather than the date of first possession of their
30 Aug 1838 Rosannah Welty's husband Charles Early, files on 40 acres in
Lincoln County Mo. NWSW Sect 35, T50N, R1W.
1 April 1839 Thomas East, Fanny Welty's husband, files on 40 acres in
Lincoln Co. Mo. It is the SWNE of Section 17, T 49N, R 1W.
21 July 1839 Mary Welty marries John Hamilton Trail, in Lincoln Co. Mo.
ca. 1839 David Welty, Abraham's brother dies in Salem, Ohio.
1840 census The Lincoln County census show Abraham's family as two
young men, one between 20 and 30, one between 30 and 40.
One is R. Elisha Welty, aged 30. The other man is
James Thomas Johnson, a runaway, bond servant,
from Kentucky. He was born in Kentucky, and ran away from
his bondage at age 14, which may have been in Adams County,
Illinois. He crosses the Mississippi River when it is frozen.
Abraham also has two young women in the home, one in the 15
to 20 year range, one in the 20 to 30 range. One is Rachel who
is 20 and will marry in November. The other is Nancy Ann
Johnson, James Johnson's younger sister. She was also
indentured and treated as a slave, in Adams Co. Ill. Her
brother James after making his escape, comes back and rescues
her. She will later go back and marry John E. Thomas These
Johnson children had obviously know the Welty's during their
years in Kentucky. The children’s father, John B. Johnson, had
been murdered, and to keep the farm, the family indentured the
two youngest children. James brother Garret stayed and took care
of mother Rhonda, the farm, and sister Malissa. Malissa fell in
love with (fnu) Petra, the son of the man who shot her father, and
ran away with him. The family turned her photo to the wall,
showing they had disowned her.
Abraham owns no slaves. Samuel Howell, Young
Howell, Moses Bond, Thomas East, and David Presley Jr are all
listed. This is the last time Elisha shows up in the records.
5 Nov 1840 Rachel Welty marries Joseph C. Hunter in Lincoln County,
Early 1840's Samuel Howell, Elizabeth Welty's husband is called up by
the Missouri Militia to serve on the border with Iowa, in a
dispute over the location of the border. Congress settles the
issue without fighting breaking out.
12 Feb 1842 Abraham writes his will. He gives all his estate to his wife
Mary, "Polly", and says she is to provide for his children.
Elisha is not given anything specifically. He has some land.
A lot of relatives will begin heading out the Oregon Trail. He
may have headed west with them.
Mar 1842 Chancery Court of Lincoln County rules in favor of Mary
Welty Trail's divorce petition. It is finalized during the next
session of the court.
7 April 1842 Abraham Welty has died in Lincoln County Missouri.
On this date his will is probated. His grave has not been
Feb 1844 Elisha has died. The County Court appoints Moses Bond,
Administrator of his Estate. He is ordered to sell to the highest
bidder, Elisha's 40 acres, on 29 April 1844. There is some
28 Sept 1844 Elisha's land is sold at the courthouse to Richard H. Woolfolk.
Filed for the record 12 March 1845, Recorder of Deeds, Book
G, Page 192.
9 May 1844 James Thomas Johnson Jr marries Elizabeth Bond in Lincoln
Co. Mo. She is the daughter of Moses Bond and Zillah Welty
Bond. James is a run-a-way bond servant from Kentucky
who the Abraham Welty's have taken in. Thomas and
Elizabeth will have five children, two of which die as infants.
In 1850 they go out the Oregon Trail. Elizabeth dies on 11 May
1852 in Salem Oregon. The family erects a tombstone in
Lincoln County, Mo. in her memory. Following her wishes,
James returns to Lincoln County, Mo. via Panama, and New
Following the wishes of Elizabeth, on 17 Nov 1853,
he marries Sarah Ann East, the daughter of Thomas East and
Francis Welty East. They will have eight children.
The new family will move to California in 1864.
7 Mar 1844 William Smith Sr. marries Mary "Polly" Welty, in Lincoln
Co. Mo. They will have seven children. Welty, Britton, and
Columbus, and Cordelia, Artilla, Druscilla, and Phoenia.
See the William Smith Sr. log for full details.
8 May 1844 William Smith Jr. marries Mary "Polly" East, daughter of
Heinrich Thomas East and Fanny Welty, in Lincoln County
Missouri. They will have 11 children. See the William Smith
Sr log for details on this marriage.
18 Feb 1848 Mahala Welty Presley writes Elizabeth Welty Howell. The
letter is short and about family.
1848 David Presley and Mahala Welty Presley leave Independence,
Missouri, where they have been living, and hit the Oregon Trail
for the far west.
1 June 1848 Joseph C. Hunter, Rachel Welty's husband files for 40 acres
in Lincoln Co. Mo. The land is 3SW of Sect. 18, T 49N,
13 Feb 1849 Sydney Smith marries Barbara Presley in Linn County,
Oregon. They will have three daughters and a son. See the
William Smith Sr log for details on this family.
22 Aug 1849 Zillah Welty Bond dies in Lincoln County, Missouri.
Prior to 1850 Rachel Welty Hunter dies in Lincoln County Missouri.
1850 William Smith Sr and Mary Welty Smith buy their home
place from Moses Bond and his wife Zillah Welty Bond,
17 Feb 1850 Moses Bond, Zillah's husband, marries Sarah Price.
Lincoln County marriage book. She is the widow Mrs Sophia
Bruce. It appears her maiden name was Sarah Sophia Price.
1850 Mary Welty owns one female slave, age 19. Rachel Welty
Hunter has died and her children, Mary E., Margaret, and John
W. Hunter are living with her. There are no male Welty's listed
in the 1850 census of Lincoln County.
June 1850 Thomas East and wife Fanny Welty Smith, and family are
living four miles west of Troy.
Oct 1850 A partially completed building on Main Street of Troy, now
part of Hechler's Hardware, is purchased by the Universalist
Society to be completed as a church. The walls have been
standing since 1837. It is finished in 1851, with the upper floor
becoming the Masonic Hall and Sons of Temperance meeting
place. The minister preaches against slavery and the church is
dead by 1856. Since Mary Welty owned slaves, it is unlikely
that she was interested in this church.
11 Dec 1850 Rachel Welty's husband Joseph C. Hunter remarries. He
marries Elizabeth East, the sister of Mary East, William Smith
20 Feb 1851 Calvin Smith marries Mary Howell, daughter of Samuel
Howell and Elizabeth Welty Howell, in Lincoln County,
Missouri. They will have one son. See the William Smith Sr
log for details of this marriage.
1851 Moses Bond's daughter Elizabeth and husband James Johnson,
with three children, head out the Oregon Trail for Oregon.
1 Dec 1851 Charles Early, Rosannah Welty's husband files on 40 acres of
land. It is the NWNE of Sect. 10, T 49N, R 2W, in Lincoln
11 May 1852 Moses Bond's daughter Elizabeth Johnson dies in Salem,
Oregon. At his late wives behest, James Johnson packs up his
three children, and heads for Missouri, via the Panama Canal
and New York City, to marry Sarah Ann East, his wives 1st
cousin in Troy, Mo.
1852-1853 Moses Bond has his three grandchildren living with him until
their dad, James Johnson, marries Sarah Ann East on 17 Nov
1853. They will move to Adams or Pike Co ill. in 1862, then
head for California again in 1864, by horse team and wagon.
1856 Fanny Welty East dies in Lincoln County, Missouri.
15 Nov 1857 Charles Early, Rosannah Welty's husband, dies in Lincoln
County, Missouri. He is buried in the Sulphur Lick Cemetery.
20 May 1858 William Smith Sr, Mary's husband buys 199 acres from
Zillah's husband Moses Bond to add to the home place. The
price is $1,300.00/
28 Jan 1860 William Smith Sr buys the final 80 acres of the home place from
1860 Moses Bond, Zillah's husband, is Junior warden, of Troy
Masonic Lodge #34. He is promoted to senior warden.
William Smith Jr. is a member. Yearly report of the Masonic
Lodges of Missouri.
18 June 1860 Moses Bond, Zillah's husband, has lost his second wife.
1860 census. The census also shows Mary Welty has a slave
cabin and 5 female slaves.
Dec? 1860 Moses Bond marries the widow Zillah Powell. They will have
a daughter Donna M., born 15 Aug 1861. She will marry
Robert C. Brown.
12 April 1861 The civil war begins.
9 Oct 1861 Mary "Polly" Welty writes her will. Her slave, Julian, is set
free. Julian's daughters, Emily, Niargarehla, Adelone, and
Barbara, are given one each to her daughters, Elizabeth Howell,
Rosanna Early, and Christina Howell, respectively. For
Mary Welty Smith, who gets $5 only, "as a result of the
treatment she has received of late from her." This section will
be dropped from a later version of the will. Her grandson
Abraham Howell gets the slave Barbara. She also makes
provision for the possibility her slaves may be emancipated
before she dies. She also says that "In as much as my children
are all daughters" verifying that her sons have died.
3 July 1863 William Smith Jr. and Mary East Smith, arrive on Medicine
Creek, south east of Kirwin, Kansas. They staked out a
homestead in Dorr township, in Smith County Kansas. Other
Smiths, Easts, Kinions, and Claggerts were with them.
Christmas 1863 Richard East, Fanny Welty East's son, has been staying
with the William Smith Jr family, i.e. Mary "Polly" Welty
Smith, since he got mustered out of Co. C, 2nd Provisional
Enlisted Missouri Militia.
15 Oct 1864 Mary Welty's estate pays Daniel Howell $1.00 for cleaning out
her well. This is a claim to her estate.
15 Oct-10 Dec 1864 Mary Welty dies in Lincoln county, Mo. She is 77
years old. She is buried in the Howell Cemetery, Tucker
10 Dec 1864 William Smith Jr takes Mary Welty's Negroes to Wright City
to be sold. Mary's probate pays him $10.80 for doing this.
Jan 1865 Missouri abolishes slavery within the state.
10 Feb 1865 Mary Welty's will is probated. Probate will drag on until 1872.
26 May 1865 The Civil War is over.
1865 –1866 Cholera is present in the county. The recent death of Mary
Welty may have been from her contaminated well. Cholera is
1868 Moses Bond has lost his third wife. He marries the widow of
Col Wm Brunk. Her name is Jane.
Oct 1872 The probate of Mary Welty's estate is finished.
The estate, which included 40 acres of land is valued
at $1,026.00. There are no disbursements to any descendents
named Welty, as the sons have died.
17 July 1877 David Presley Jr. Mahala's husband dies in Oregon.
14 Oct 1877 Joseph C. Hunter, Rachel Welty's husband dies, in Lincoln
16 April 1880 Squire Moses Bond, Zillah Welty's husband dies while
visiting with his son in law who is working cutting stalks in
a field at Moses's home, 5 miles west of Troy, Lincoln County,
Missouri. The son in law leaves the field for water, and returns
to find he has died. Obit. The son in law would have been
Robert C. Brown. Tombstones for him have been found in the
Troy City Cemetery, next to his daughter Donna and her
husband Robert C. Brown, and the Brunk Cemetery.
Both have the same information.
20 April 1880 Moses Bond is buried with Masonic honors by the Troy lodge. He was a past Master.
5 May 1882 Samuel Howell, Elizabeth Welty Howell's husband dies in
Lincoln County, Mo. He is buried in the Howell Tucker
1882 The St Louis and Hannibal Railroad reaches Troy.
1886 Mahala Welty Presley is living in Salem, Marion County
Oregon, with her husband David.
24 Jan 1887 Rosannah Welty Early dies in Lincoln County, Missouri.
Another source says the date is 24 June.
22 Jan 1888 Elizabeth Welty Howell dies in Lincoln County, Missouri.
She is buried in the Howell Tucker Cemetery.
5 Feb 1892 Mary Welty Smith dies in Lincoln Co. Mo. She is buried with
husband William, in the Slavens Chapel Cemetery.
18 Feb 1893 Christina Catherine Welty Howell dies in Lincoln County
Missouri. She is buried in the Howell Tucker Cemetery.
Also listed as Hunter Cemetery. Tombstone data.
23 Feb 1893 Mary East Smith, William Smith Jr's wife dies in Lincoln Co.
1894 Buchanan College is founded in Troy.
28 Jun 1898 Professor W. F. Welty, formerly principal of the Olney Institute,
at Olney, Lincoln County, Mo, is currently President of the
college at Siloam Springs Arkansas. He has married Emily
Gaylord, of Sandoval, Ill. Troy Free Press. His relationship to
Abraham is unknown.
7 April, (July?) 1898 Mahala Welty Presley dies in Jefferson, Marion
County, Oregon. Another source says 1 April.
1908 William Smith Jr, husband of Mary "Polly" East Smith dies near
Winfield, Lincoln Co. Mo. Obituary
data in this event log was acquired and shared by numerous cousins and
friends. The primary contributors were
cousins Mrs. Patsy Brown Creech, and Mr. Kirby Ross. Mrs. Audrey Kinion identified and supplied a
major source of Welty data. Mr. George
Giles has contributed time and items to the chronicle. To all other contributors, my sincere
thanks. This log was compiled by Willard