Chronicle of the Windmeyer, Schaper, Calwell/Carwell Linage.
Oldest direct ancestors are in Bold Italic type, and underlined. More recent ancestors are in Bold type. For reasons that are not understood the ancestral name was changed from Hempelman, to Nolting to Windmeyer. No attempt has been made to fully describe the Schaper clan. Those individuals who interacted with the Carwells are covered, as are those Schapers and Carwell descendants that married into the Smith clan. Because the old Germans are unfamiliar, I have used a generational designator, the first time a name appears. G0 is Lydia Carwell, G1 is the John Carwell, Johanna Windmeyer Carwell generation. The next generation back is G2. I have also labeled the Windmeyer line as GW 2, and the Schaper line as GS 2, for example. The bigger the number the older the generation. There are seven generations in the compilation.
9 Feb 1721 Johan Henrich Hempelman GW5 is born in Westfalen,
Germany. He is the son of Diderich Hempelman. GW6
The ancestral line has not been traced beyond this point.
1744 Johann Ernest Windmeier, GW4 is born. He is the son of
Cord Heinrich Windmeyer. GW5
30 Sept 1750 Johan Heinrich Hempelman marries Catherine
Elizabeth Theis. GW5 Their son Johann Heinrich
Hempleman Jr, GW4, is our direct ancestor. Some
researchers have added Nolting as a final surname.
ca 1750's Johann Herman Schaper (Schepper, Schaeper) GS4 and
Catherine Marie Ilsabein (Stuckmann) Heidmann GS4
are born in Germany.
31 July 1756 Johann Heinrich Hempleman GW4, and is born in
Rehme, Westfaten, Germany.
1773 Johann Wilhelm Kiel GS4 is born in Germany. His
parents are Peter ? Kiel, GS5 and Marie Ilsabein
5 Dec 1773 Johann Wilhelm Kiel is baptized.
1774 Margartha Ann Elizabeth Kuhlemann GS4 is born in
Spenge, Germany. Her parents are Jost Kuhlemann
(Kullman), (Gulman?) GS5 and Catherine Margiethe
Poens (Poers) GS5.
13 Mar 1774 Margaretha A.E. Kuhlemann is baptized. One source
gives this as her birth date.
7 Nov `1778 Johann Herman Schaper (Schepper, Schaeper) GS4
marries Catherine Ilsabein Heinemann (Heidmann) GS4
in Spenge, Germany. They will have a son Herman
Henrich Schaper Sr GS3.
11 Oct 1783 Johann Heinrich Hempleman GW4 marries Marie
Agnette Cutenant. GW4 Their son Johann Heinrich
Hempleman Nolting GW3 is our direct ancestor. The
reason for the change of the surname from Hempleman to
Nolting is not known, but one possible explanation is
that his parents died, and he was adopted by Noltings.
16 Feb 1785 Herman Henrich Schaper(Schaeper) Sr GS3 is born in
Spenge Kneis, Hereford, Prussia. Other sources list his
birth date as 6, or 26 Feb. at Lensinghausen, Germany.
6 Mar 1785 Herman Henrich Schaper Sr is baptized in Spenge,
10 Dec 1786 Johann Ernest Windmeier marries Anne Marie
Elisabeth Althof. GW 4. She is the daughter of Johan
Cord Althof and Anna Maria Ilsabein Giesselman.
17 Sept 1787 Johann Hemerich Hemplemann (Nolting) GW3 is born
in Rehme, Germany.
18 Feb 1790 Anne Marie Christine Windimeier GW3 is born, Rehme,
Germany. She is the daughter of Johann Ernest
26 July 1791 Johann Auton Friedrich Meier GW4 marries Sophia
Christine Louise Wehmeier GW4. The will have a son
Karl Frederick Wilhelm Meier, GW3 who is our direct
ancestor. Johann's ancestors are not known.
10 Nov 1793 Anton Friedrich Gerd Schwager GW4 marries Anne
Marie Enge Offermeyer GW4. Their daughter Ann
Marie Engel Schwager GW3 is our direct ancestor.
Anton Friedrich Gerd Schwager is the son of Herman
His wife Anne Marie Enge Offermeyer is the daughter
of Johann Herman Offermann GW5.
23 Oct 1795 Johann Wilhelm Kiel GS4 marries Margaretha Anna
Elizabeth Kuhlemann GS4 in Germany. They
will have a daughter Marie Ilsabein Kiel GS3.
21 Aug 1796 Ann Marie Engel Schwager GW3 is born in
14 Apr 1799 Marie Ilsabein Keil GS3 is born in Apenge, Kries
Herford, Germany. Other sources says Spenge,
Germany, or 26 Oct. 1796, in Lenzinehausen, Germany.
14 Aug 1799 Marie Ilsabein Keil is baptized.
5 Oct 1802 Karl Frederick Wilhelm Meier GW3 is born in
ca 1805 – 1810 Herman Heinrich Schaper Sr marries Anna Catherine
ca 1811-1814 France has invaded Germany, and Johann Herman
Schaper (Schepper, Schaeper) disappears. One source
says his wife also vanishes.
18 Dec 1814 Johann Heinrich Nolting GW3 marries Anne Marie
Christine Windimeire GW3. They will live near Bad
Ozenhousen. The current address of the homestead is
4971 Oberbecken Eckernkcamp 5, West Deutchland.
The family name will be Windmeier (Wilmsmeier),
rather than Nolting, for some unknown reason.
It may be that if Nolting was his adopted
name, and he couldn't use his family name of
Hemplemann, that he just opted for his wife's name. Their
son Fredrick Wilhelm Nolting Windmeyer GW2 is
our direct ancestor.
20 Jan 1816 Herman Heinrich Schaper's first wife Anna dies, in
Prussia. Nothing is known about any children from this
12 Aug 1816 Johann Ernest Windmeier has died.
20 Sept 1816 Herman Heinrich Schaper Sr marries Marie Ilsabein
Kiel in the Spenge Evangelical Church, Spenge, Prussia.
They will have seven children who survive and one girl
who dies young. This is his second marriage.
ca. 1820 William S. Colwell G3 is born in Germany. 1850 Census,
Warren Co. Mo. In the 1880 census, John says his father
was born in Prussia.
His children will change the name to Carwell.
ca. 1820's Karl Frederich Wilhelm Meier GW3 marries Ann
Marie Engel Schwager GW3 in Germany or Prussia.
Their daughter Sophia Caroline Wilhelina Meier GW2 is
a direct ancestor.
17 Sept 1822 Frederick William Nolting Windmeyer GW2 is born in
Rehund in the province of Westphalia, (Westfalen) Prussia.
19 and 27 Sept are dates also found.
12 Mar 1825 Anna Katherine (Catherine) Ilsabein Schaper GS2 is born,
in Spenge, Kreis Herford, Prussia, Germany.
31 July 1829 Sophia Caroline Wilhelina Meier GW2 is born in Wejstel,
Westphalia Province, Prussia.
1 Sept 1830 Herman Heinrich Schaper Jr is born in Germany.
1 April 1835 Frederick Wilhelm Nolting Windmeyer's father, Johann
Heinrich Nolting Windmeyer dies in Rehme, Germany.
20 Mar 1836 Casper Heinrich (Kasper Henry) Schaper is born in Spenge,
Kreis Herford, Prussia..
1837 There is a record of a Colwell transferring land in
Warren County, Mo. There may be a brother in Virginia.
1838 John Snider is born in Germany.
Nov 1842 Herman Henry Schaper Sr and family leave Europe by boat
for America. The trip will take nine weeks. One family tale
is that some of them had been in the German Army, and had
been losing the war, so they came to America. One source
says they came in 1841.
20 Dec 1842 Herman Henry Schaper Sr and family, 3 sons, and
4 daughters, arrive in Lincoln County, Mo. They have come
directly from Germany, through New Orleans. They then
came up the Mississippi by boat.
One married daughter remains in Germany.
They will settle on part of the old Sievert farm, across the
road from the old Strathmann place, in southern Clark Twnsp,
near the Warren Co. line. Some of the neighbors aren't happy
to have new settlers around, and rumors that bushwhackers
might try to run them out are passed to the Schapers.
The day they were rumored to arrive Herman whets his sword,
and when it got dark, told the children to hide. When he heard
them outside he told his wife to blow out the light. open the
door, and get behind it. Herman went outside and started
swing the sword both ways, and soon everyone was gone.
Then he went back in and went to bed. The next morning
there was blood on the sword, and blood on the ground.
There was no further trouble with the neighbors. Family tales.
1843 Marie Elizabeth Schaper, Herman Heinrich's daughter,
marries Friedrich William Schloemann in Germany.
1844 The Schloemann's arrive in Lincoln Co. in 1844.
Descendants of this family will be neighbors of O. R.
and Lydia Carwell Smith, and are distantly
related through the Schapers.
ca 1846 William Colwell marries Catherine Ilsabein Schaper,
probably in Lincoln, or Warren Co. Mo. Nothing is known
of when he came to America. he is rumored to have a brother
1847 The William Colwell family is believed to be in
Warren County, Mo. Matilda (Mathilda) is born.
20 Feb 1848 Margaretha A. E. Kuhlemann Kiel dies, in Spenge, Germany.
20 Aug 1849 Johann Wilhelm Kiel dies, in Spenge, Germany.
20 Oct 1849 John Henry Carwell, GW1 is born in Warren County, Mo.
25 Aug 1850 Census Lincoln Co. Mo. Herman Schaper Sr is listed as
Henry Shafer, age 67, his wife Mary, 56, Herman Jr is
listed as Henry age 19, Harden, age 14, and Mariah age 17.
Next door is his son, listed as William Shafer, age 30,
wife Jane age 21, and daughter Mary age 1.
20 Sept 1850 Census: Warren County, Mo. William Calwell, age 30,
born in Germany, wife Catherine, age 25, born in Germany,
Matilda, age 3, born in Mo. and John, age 1. He is family 64
on p. 557.
1850-1860 Marie Ilsabein Kiel Schaper dies in Lincoln Co. Mo. She is
believed to be buried in the cemetery on the old Sievert place.
The old log church near this cemetery is believed to be the
Methodist Indian Camp Church.
1851 Herman Heinrich Schaper Jr marries Christina Wilhemena
Meyer (Meier), the widow of a Kramer.
13 Oct 1851 John's sister Amelia (Emilia) is born in Warren county.
1 Aug 1853 William Schaper files on 40 acres in Twnsp 48N, R 1W,
in Lincoln Co. It is the SE ¼ of the SE ¼ of Sect 29. This
is believed to be Johann Wilhelm, Herman Heinrich Sr's
oldest son. By 1860 he owns 360 acres in Sect 35.
In 1876 he owns 260 acres in Sect 35, and 140 in Sect. 28
and 33. One of these holdings may belong to someone
else in the family.
22 Sept 1853 Frederick W. Windmeyer GW2 marries Sophia Caroline
(Carolyn) Wilhelmina Meier GW2.
They immediately set sail for America on their honeymoon.
They take with them a large jar of honey, to help them get
through the trip.
They will land in New Orleans, and then travel by train to New
Haven, Mo. New Haven is on the Missouri River in Franklin
County. They settle near Holstein, in Warren County.
They will have six children. Fredrick William (Fritz),
Gustave (August),and Ernst (Ernest).
The girls are Johannah Charlotte GW1 , who will marry John
Henry Carwell GS1 the son of one of the Shaper girls, and
Carrie, who will marry H. E. Shaper, and Anna who
will marry a Westerman,
14 Jan 1854 Fredrick Wilhelm Nolting Windmeyer's mother,
Anne Marea Christine Windimeire, dies in Rehme, Germany.
25 June 1854 Johannah Charlotte Windmeyer GW1 is born in Hostein,
Warren Co. Mo.
15 Nov 1854 Herman Schaper files on land in Twn 48N, R 1W.
It is the NW ¼ of the SE ¼ of Sect 33.
23 Dec 1855 Casper Henry Schaper marries Anna M. Henriette Koelling
in Lincoln Co. Mo. They will have eight children.
1856 Frederick Windmeyer moves his family onto land next to the
Shapers in Lincoln County, Mo.
1857 Katherine (Catherine) Ilsabein Schaper Colwell (Carwell)
dies. She is buried in the Indian Camp Cemetery, near Zoar
Church, in Lincoln County. Her stone is later moved to the
Zoar Church Cemetery.
12 Nov 1859 Casper Henry Schaper has a son Henry Ernest Schaper.
ca 1859 William Colwell (Carwell) remarries. The new wife is
believed to be Henrietta Koelling. Another report says Henrietta
Jaspering. He is reportedly well educated and can speak
ca 1859 William Colwell's second marriage ends quickly,
by divorce, as Henrietta marries a Frederick Jaspering in 1859.
Henrietta first takes all the kids to the Schapers, to keep. She
turns them lose in the cornfield and tells them to go to their
ca 1860 William S. Colwell has apparently enlisted in a Missouri State
Militia unit favoring the rebel cause. One source suggests he
was a Col in the State Guard, listed as William Caldwell, but
there has been no confirmation of this by any other source, and
it is considered very unlikely. His record of service in the
Missouri State Militia has not been found.
1860 Herman Henry Schaper, William Colwell's brother-in-law
enlists in the Missouri State Militia. He is 30 years old. He is
believed to have had the rank of Lt. He favors the Union.
1 June 1860 Lincoln Co. Census. Henry Schaper, (Casper Heinrich) age 24,
is listed with wife Henrietta, age 23, son Herman age 3, Henry
age 7 months, Hannah Eversmeyer, age 12, his niece, Matilda
Carwell, (Colwell) age 13, and his father, Herman H. Schafer
Sr age 75. Maltildas entry carries the occupation "hired",
and she is using Carwell as her surname.
Herman Schafer (Schaper) Jr, age 30, is listed with
his wife Wilhamina, age 33, Henry Eversmeyer age 10, his
nephew John Carwell age 10, his niece Emelia Carwell age 8.
They are listed as "bound". The term "bound" is presumed to
mean that Herman has been legally appointed as guardian.
Emelia is also listed as "raising". William Slater? age 65, and
Mary Myers, age 64, Wilhamenas mother, are listed as
1860 land map Herman Schaper Sr owns his home place in Sections 28 and
33, consisting of 280 acres. in Twnsp 48 N, R 1 W.. Herman
Schaper Jr owns 160 acres in Section 32 on the Warren County
line. It is suspected that the William Calwell family must have
been living just south of this location. William Schaper, a
brother (Johann) , has 320 acres to the east in Sect 35.
1860-1861 The Missouri State Militia is the only formal military unit, and
men favoring the north and the south are in it, mixed up in
5 Jan 1861 The Missouri Senate introduces bills to arm the state militia, and
to call a state convention.
18 Feb 1861 The people of the state vote against secession, by a margin of
80,000 votes. The bill to arm the militia dies.
10 May 1861 The Missouri State Militia is forgotten, and the pro south
Missouri State Guard is authorized by the legislature. Lincoln
and Warren County are in the 2nd Division of the Missouri State
13 June 1861 The Missouri State Guard is called out for 6 months of service.
General Price orders the generals commanding the various
geographical divisions of Missouri "to organize their forces as
rapidly as possible, and push them forward to Boonville and
Lexington. The men north of the Missouri River are to meet at
Booneville. If William Calwell is a member the war has started
for him. He has been free of family obligations for a year, so he
may have got into the fight early. The men are to assemble in
camp. General Order #11
20 June 1861 7,000 federal troops come off boats on the Missouri river near
Booneville. 800 rebs fight them for a hour and a half, then
21 June 1861 The commander of the 2nd Division of the Missouri State
Guard, Thomas L. Harris, is ordered to organize the troops North
of the Missouri river. This includes Lincoln and Warren
counties. The divisions were based on the Congressional
districts of the state. He starts at Paris, Mo. then moves to the
knobs on Salt River. By the time he and Col Green cross the
Missouri river, at Glasgow, he has 2,730 men. William Calwell
is probably with them.
3 July 1861 Various groups of rebels have marched by different routes to
Cedar County, Mo. The organization of the force begins.
They have a total of about 3,600 men.
4 July 1861 The NE Mo rebels, from the 2nd division, who are in the field,
are assigned to Genl. John B. Clark. General Order #16.
3 p.m. 4 July 1861 The rebs begin to march out of Camp Lamar. General
10 A.M. 5 July 1861 The rebs take on Gen. Sigel, with 3,000 Federals at
Carthage, Mo. The fight lasts till 9 p.m., when Sigel retreats.
The rebs camp in Carthage.
11 July 1861 The 2nd Division rebs, in the field, are now commanded by
Brig Gen J. S. Rains. They are split up into Regiments of
Infantry. Adjt Gen Order #3.
11-23 July 1861 The 2nd Division is in Camp on Cowskin Prairie.
9 A.M. 24 July 1861 The reb army marches out of the Cowskin Prairie
towards Cassville, Barry County.
1 Aug 1861 The 2nd Division is marching from Cassville toward Springfield,
Mo. General Order # 13.
4 Aug 1861 The reb army moves out of its camp on Cane Creek.
8 Aug 1861 The reb army is in camp at Big Spring, just south of Wilson's
Creek. They are 10 and ½ miles south of Springfield.
9 Aug 1861 The reb army moves up to Wilson's Creek. They number about
11,300 men. Large fields of green corn give the men the first
good feed in 11 days. The plan is to move out at 9 p.m. to get
into position for a dawn attack. Rain changes the plan, as the
men don't have cartridge boxes to protect the ammunition from
rain. They spend the evening dancing around the campfires.
10 Aug 1861 Battle of Wilson's Creek. The 2nd Division, MSG is involved.
The Missouri troops are in the center of the line opposite the
main Union force. The Union troops move up during the night
and begin the attack. The rebs pulled their pickets into camp
at midnight, and get surrounded on three sides. The fight goes
on for 9 hours. It ends at 2:30 p.m. The rebs win.
13 Aug 1861 If William Colwell's MSG enlistment is for 6 months, this is
a enlistment date for him.
14-24 Aug 1861 The reb army is camped at Springfield, Mo.
6 A.M. 25 Aug 1861 The reb army marches out of Springfield, heading
29 Aug 1861 The reb army is at Stockton.
30 Aug 1861 The reb army moves out for Cedar Creek.
3 Sept 1861 The reb army is at Camp Bledsoe.
sunrise 4 Sept 1861 The reb army is on the move.
7 Sept 1861 The reb army is in a fight at a stream called Drywood,
15 miles east of Fort Scott, Kansas. The fight lasts a hour and
a half, and the rebs win.
10 Sept 1861 sunset Hearing that Union forces are headed for Warrenburg
to seize the funds in the bank, the reb army sets off in pursuit.
11 Sept 1861 2 a.m General Price lets the infantry go into camp, and checks
out Warrenburg with his cavalry. The Union troops have left
town. The reb army moves up and goes into camp.
11 Sept 1861 The rebels from NE Missouri are on the move. They will
march 62 miles in 28 hours to get in the fight at Lexington,
Missouri. William Calwell may be with them.
12 Sept 1861 10 a.m. The reb army moves out toward Lexington. They
camp 2 ½ miles out of town.
13-20 Sept 1861 12,000 rebels attack 3,500 Union men at Lexington.
14 Sept 1861 The reb army camps at the Lexington fairgrounds. It is
waiting for the ammunition and supply wagons to catch up.
18 Sept 1861 The reb army moves back into Lexington. The 2nd division,
MSG is to the east and northeast of the Union fortifications in
the college building.
16 Sept 1861 The reb army is at Camp Wallace, Lexington, Mo.
20 Sept 1861 The rebs make movable breastworks out of hemp bales
they found on the river bank, wet them down, and attack again.
20 Sept 1861 2p.m. The union forces surrender, after 52 hours of fighting.
25 Sept 1861 The reb army is still in Lexington, Mo.
27 Sept 1861 The reb army, unable to be resupplied, retreats south.
6 Oct 1861 The reb army is camped on Panther Creek.
8 Oct 1861 The reb army is camped on the Osage River.
10 Oct 1861 The reb army is camped south of the Osage River.
12 Oct 1861 The reb army is camped near Montevallo.
18 Oct 1861 The reb army is camped near Sarcoxie.
23 Oct 1861 The reb army is camped near Neosho. They are in this area a
total of 10 days.
25 Oct 1861 There is a fight at Springfield, Mo. that William Calwell
may be in.
1-4 Nov 1861 The reb army is camped at Cassville.
9-13 Nov 1861 The reb army is camped at Pineville, McDonald County, Mo.
23 Nov 1861 The reb army is camped near Stockton, Cedar Co. Mo.
25 Nov 1861 General Price camps with his rebel army on the Sac River, near
Osceola. They will stay here for over a month. The Confederate
Army begins enlisting the State Guard into regular army units.
CSA privates are paid $11/month, with a $3/ month clothing
allowance. The MSG received no pay.
2 Dec 1861 Martin E. Green is elected Brig Gen for the 2nd Division.
sunrise 19 Dec 1861 The reb army leaves the camp on the Sac river.
The 2nd Division is commanded by Gen Green.
Dec 1861 Col Boone, and Dr William Griswold, of Warren County, are in
Warren County, recruiting rebs. Dr Griswold is captured in
April 1862, and eventually sent to the prison at Alton, Ill to
tend to sick prisoners.
23 Dec 1861 The reb army is in Springfield, Mo.
1 Jan 1862 The two Confederate Brigades formed from the Missouri State
Guard are paraded through Springfield.
11 Feb 1862 The Union Army begins to move against the rebs in Springfield.
12 Feb 1862 3 p.m. The reb army is leaving Springfield, Mo. They move
south to Wilson's Creek.
13 Feb 1862 If William Colwell's enlistment in the MSG was for six
months, he enlisted, perhaps for a second hitch on this date.
15 Feb 1862 9 p.m. The reb army reaches Cassville, Mo.
16 Feb 1862 The reb army camps on Sugar Creek.
17 Feb 1862 10 p.m. the reb army camps at Cross Hollows.
19 Feb 1862 The reb army is in Fayetteville reprovisioning.
21 Feb-3 Mar 1862 The reb army is in camp on Cove Creek, Ark.
4 Mar 1862 The reb army is on the move. They camp near Fayetteville.
5 Mar 1862 The reb army camps at Fulton springs, near Bentonville. 6-7 Mar 1862 The reb army is in a major fight at Pea ridge Ark.
6 Mar 1862 3 a.m. The reb army moves out to attack. The MSG troops
hold the left end of the line. William Calwell is there with
the 2nd Division.
3 p.m. a general charge by the rebs drives the Union forces
back two miles, past Elkhorn Tavern.
7 Mar 1862 Short of ammunition, the reb army starts to retreat.
7 a.m. The union attacks again.
The rebs march for eight days. The Union forces
do not follow.
15-25 Mar 1862 The reb army is camped at Van Buren, Ark, on Frog Bayou
road. The camp is named Camp Ben McCulloch who was
killed in the last fight. The MSG is reorganized. General
Parsons organizes a Brigade to go into Mississippi. Gen. Rains
commands those MSG remaining in Arkansas. William
Calwell is with him.
27 Mar 1862 the reb army is on the move. They march for 12 days.
7 April 1862 The reb army arrives in Des Arc, Arkansas.
Gen Price addresses the troops.
9 April 1862 General Parsons takes command of all MSG troops who have
not joined the CSA. They move east of the Mississippi River
with the rest of the Rebs for service at Corinth, Mississippi.
7 May 1862 Caroline Catherine Windmeyer is born in Lincoln Co. Mo.
20 July 1862 General Schofield, commander of the Missouri State Militia,
Union, orders all men of military age to join the Enrolled
Missouri State militia. Many choose to join the rebs instead.
31 July 1862 General Braxton Bragg dismisses all Missouri State Guardsmen
from any further service east of the Mississippi. They cross the
river on this day The 700 men under General Parson's, then
move to Arkansas Post. William Colwell is probably serving
with Priest's Regiment of men from NE Missouri.
1862 William Calwell's records with the Confederate Army are
difficult to interpret because a second man with a similar
name serves in the same Regiment, and their histories are
very similar. Records exist for William Colwell, and
William Calwell at the Alton Prison, for rebels, and according
to the 1850 census this is our ancestor. Other records exist for
William Caldwel and William Coldwell. All the records are for
a private in Co B, of what becomes the 10th Regiment of
Missouri Infantry, CSA. I will put the name on the muster rolls
in ( ) after the entry, if it is not Colwell.
13 Aug 1862 The 700 men with General Parsons are told to enlist in the CSA
or they will be drafted. William (Coldwell) enlists for a year,
as a Private at the Arkansas Post, in Co B. of Steen's Regiment
of Missouri Infantry, CSA. Arkansas Post is near Gillett,
Arkansas, in SE Arkansas, near the mouth of the Arkansas
River. Men from Priest's Regiment (Northeast Mo) and
Winston's Missouri rifles, form all of Company A, and part of
1 Sept 1862 The men who had enlisted at Arkansas Post are forced to
reenlist, for the war. William S. Caldwell enlists, for three
years, as a private in Company B, Moore's 10th Regiment,
4th Brigade, "Gen. M. M. Parson's Brigade", Missouri Infantry,
C.S.A. at Camp Mitchell, near Clarendon, Arkansas. He is 42
years old. The 10th Regiment of Missouri Infantry, also
known as the 1st Regiment of Mo. Inf. was organized in Nov
1862, by consolidation of Steen's and Pickett's Battalions of
Missouri Infantry, along with men from Priest's and Winston's
Regiments, Missouri State Guard Infantry, Coleman's Regiment
of Mo. Calvary, and Col. Johnson's Calvary. The will be part
of Frost's Division, Parson's Brigade, of the Confederate Army
of the Trans-Mississippi. Most of the men in Companies A
and B had been in the Missouri State Guard.
4 Oct 1862 Parsons command has arrived at Yellville, Arkansas, so as to
threaten Springfield, and Forsythe, Mo. They unite with Gen
McBride troops, and are put under Col Steen's command.
They are then ordered to Camp Mulberry, east of Ft Smith,
Nov 1862 Pvt William Colwell's unit becomes the 1st Regiment of
10 Nov 1862 Col Steen's Regiment is officially mustered in as a Confederate
Regiment. There is a Col. William Caldwell at Camp Mulberry
at this time. He provides some men for Company C of Pindall's
Missouri Sharpshooters. How he fits in this story is unknown,
although one family researcher thinks this is William Calwell..
1-2 Dec 1862 The Confederate Army of the Trans-Mississippi is being
ferried across the Arkansas River from Fort Smith, Ark.
to Van Buren Ark.
2 Dec 1862 Union General Blunt at Cane Hill, telegraphs Brig General
Herron at Springfield, Mo, and tells him to bring the rest of
the Army of the Frontier south in a hurry.
3 Dec 1862 The 10th Regiment, as part of the Confederate Army of the
Trans-Mississippi, marches from Van Buren, Arkansas with
other troops, totaling 9,000 infantry, 2,000 cavalry, and 22
pieces of artillery north to attack a isolated division of
Brigadier General Blunt's Union Army of the Frontier at
Cane Hill, Arkansas. They carry only enough ammunition
for a single days fight. William Calwell is with them.
Morning 4 Dec 1862 Brig Gen Herron starts his Union forces south on
the Telegraph Road from Springfield Mo. into Arkansas.
Evening 4 Dec 1862 The 10th Regiment is bivouacked at Oliver's on
Telegraph road. They have been moving toward Fayetteville,
Ark. to attack Union positions on Cane Hill. They are in the
SW part of Washington County, Arkansas, which is in the
NW corner of the state.
5 Dec 1862 The rebel force continues to move toward Cane Hill.
6 Dec 1862 Morrow's is reached. Calvary engagements win the rebels
some ground. The 10th Regiment, and the rest of Parsons
Brigade move up to occupy the high ground, which had
been taken. This will be the first fight for the newly formed
10th Regiment, but most of the men are veterans of many
Midnight 6 Dec 1862 Large numbers of Union reinforcements are on the
way to Cane Hill. They have reached Fayetteville, Ark.
The men of Parsons Brigade build up their campfires, then
retreat to Morrow's.
4 am 7 Dec 1862 The rebel force is moving up the Cove Creek Road,
and its Maysville branch to the Cane Hill and Fayetteville road.
sunrise Rebel forces rout Union cavalry on the Cane Hill and
Fayetteville road. Parsons Brigade is moved up to the Cane Hill,
Fayetteville road, and deployed facing Newburg, Arkansas.
midmorning Brg General Blunt starts his Union forces at Cane Hill
toward the fight shaping up at Prairie Grove. Union troops
ford the Illinois River and appear on the edge of Crawford's
10 am Union shelling of the rebel position begins. Brig Gen Herron's
Union troops have marched 110 miles in three days, to get
there. Only about half of the 7,000 who started out had
the endurance to make it.
noon The rebel forces take up a strong position on the hills above
Crawford Prairie, and another unnamed prairie, which border
the Illinois River. Most of the men have had nothing to eat for
a day. The Prairie Grove Church is on the summit of the hill.
Parson's Brigade is ordered forward. William Calwell is with
them. Union artillery begins firing.
1 pm Union infantry, aided by artillery. attack the center of the Reb
line, and are driven back. Then the Union infantry attack the
right of the rebel line and are driven back. The next attack
was on the left of the rebel line. Parsons Brigade is the target.
"The attack is fierce and prolonged, but ended in the Union
forces being driven back in disorder with heavy losses."
William Calwell is in this fight. Brg Gener. Blunt arrives at
Prairie Grove with the rest of the Union troops. He deploys
opposite Gen Frost's troops. The
Union then open up with all their artillery, and shells the rebel
positions for an hour.
2 pm A general infantry attack is made by the Union army,
coordinated with a cavalry attack on the reb left flank. Parson's
Brigade, part of Frost's Division "gloriously repulsed him in his
desperate attacks on their lines." The Union forces retreat and
keep up their bombardment.
near sunset The Union attacks Frost's Division, and Parson's Brigade again.
"This was a most determined effort. It signally failed."
The fighting has resulted in about 2,700 total casualties.
after dark The rebel forces, being low on ammunition retreat.
6 Dec 1862 Pvt William (Coldwell) is wounded fighting with Parson's
Brigade, Frost's Division, at Prairie Grove, Arkansas.
7 Dec 1862 Pvt William (Coldwell) of Co B, Steen's Regt. is in the Rebel
hospital at Prairie Grove, Arkansas.
7 Dec 1862 Private William Coldwell, of Co B, 1st Regiment of Missouri
Infantry, CSA is listed as being in the hospital at Little Rock Ark,
having been wounded. These two items demonstrate that
perhaps two different men are covered by the records. The two
hospitals are 150 miles apart. The wounded are evacuated to
Little Rock, so it may just be a error by the guy making the
10 am 8 Dec 1862 The Union and Reb commanders meet. Medical
personnel who have been captured are released. Ambulances
and hospital trains are exempted from capture. This allows
Pvt William S. Cowell to be evacuated.
9 Dec 1862 The Rebel infantry is back in camp at Morrow's. Col Steen,
Regimental commander, was killed in the fight.
Data on the fight at Prairie Grove are from the reports of Mj
Gen Thomas C. Hindman C.S.A., as reported in the Official
Records of the Civil War, Chap 34, p 138-145.
10 Dec 1862 The battered First Corp of the Rebel army is back in
Van Buren, Fort Smith area, Camp Mazzard) Arkansas.
28 Dec 1862 Union troops under Blunt and Herron storm Van Buren, Ark.
Most of the rebel army is across the Arkansas River in Fort
Smith. They burn two steamboats and head down the
south bank of the river toward Clarksville. They leave their
wounded in the hospitals at Fort Smith. The Union does
not cross the river. The Union Army does not pursue, but
returns to their base in NW Arkansas.
Jan 1863 The 10th Regiment has moved to Camp Anderson, Little Rock,
April 1863 Pvt William Coldwell of the 10 Regt., gets paid.
31 May1863 Parson's Fourth Brigade begins its move all the way across
Arkansas to the eastern edge for the attack on Helena.
22 June 1863 The reb army move out of Jacksonport, Ark. heading for
3 July 1863 The rebs under Gen Price and others have arrived at Helena
Arkansas. There are 7,646 of them. They have come from Little
Rock Arkansas, and Jacksonport, Arkansas. They meet at the
Allen Polk house 5 miles from Helena, to plan the attack. The
Union has 4 outlying small forts full of cannon, Fort Curtis in
Helena, and the gunboat U.S.S. Tyler on the Mississippi river.
They have 4,000 men. Battery C in the fort on Graveyard Hill,
will be the primary point of the reb attack. Battery A on Rightor
hill, and Battery D, on Hindman hill would also be struck.
Evening 3 July 1863 Parson's Fourth Brigade, Missouri Volunteers, is
bivouacked on the Little Rock to Helena road, 6 miles from
Midnight 3 July 1863 Parsons Brigade, with the 10th Missouri Regiment,
William Colwells unit, moves to within 1 and ½ miles of
4 A.m. 4 July 1863 The attack on Helena begins. The attack on
Rightor hill stalls. The attack on Hindman Hill gets to the rifle
pits but can't get to the Battery. Gen Price interprets the orders
to mean attack at sunrise, so he's late to the battle. The Union
has blocked the roads with so many trees that the rebs can't get
their cannon close enough to use.
Dawn 4 July 1863 Price is within ½ mile of Graveyard hill. Parson's Brigade
is on the right and moving in front. They halt and get organized.
The 10th Regiment, William Cowell's unit is commanded by Col
A. C. Pickett, and is last in the line of regiments.
5 A.M. 4 July 1863 An hour late Price begins his attack on Graveyard hill.
Its Union defenders are the 33rd Missouri. The attackers are
Parson's Brigade of the 7th, 8th, 9th, ant 10th Missouri, and
McRae's Brigade of Arkansas troops.. All the forts and the
gunboat unload on them. Parson's Brigade gets within 300 yards
of the rifle pits and holds up till McRae Brigade is in position,
then Parson gives the order double quick for the charge to the
works. One source says it takes three tries, but Parson's says they
make the hill and capture the cannon, but the Union
has spiked them so they are not usable. The attack stalls.
Price has sent 3,095 men against the hill. Price says some of
Parson's Brigade go down into Helena, without orders, and are
captured. Parson says the commander Lt General Holmes
showed up on the hill and ordered the men to attack the town.
Pieces of some regiments get into town and all the way to the
Mississippi river bank. Only half of the men make it back.
10:30 4 July 1863 Gen Holmes, overall commander of the rebs orders a
general retreat. Those rebs who have gone to town are cut off
and left to their fate. The 10th Regiment of Missouri Volunteers
has lost 11 killed, 41 wounded, and has 237 missing, presumably
captured. William Colwell is a prisoner of war. The effective
strength of the regiment is reduced to 231 men, as reported on 6
2pm 4 July 1863 The rebs are back at Polk house, 5 miles from Helena.
The battle of Helena is over. The Union losses were 57 killed,
146 wounded, and 36 missing. The gunboat fired 413 rounds
during the fight. The rebs had 173 killed, 687 wounded, and 776
missing or captured.
4 July 1863 Pvt William S. Colwell, also listed as Calwell, and
William Caldwell are captured at Helena, Arkansas.
The 10th Regiment has been
in the hottest part of the fight, and taken the most losses of
any regiment. A total of 271 men are killed, wounded,
or captured. William Colwell is one of the 204 of the 10th
that are captured. The entire Confederate force had some
654 Confederates that were wounded, 173 killed, 400 taken
prisoner. The prisoners are immediately loaded on the
steamer Tycoon, and sent to Memphis, Tenn.
5 July 1863 William S. Colwell and the rest of the prisoners from Helena
are loaded on the steamer Silver Moon and taken to Cairo,
Illinois. The reb army retreats to Little Rock.
9 July 1863 William S. Colwell (Calwell) and the Helena prisoners arrive at
the Military prison at Alton, Illinois. The old State Penitentiary,
which had been shut down, for being such a terrible place,
was reopened and used for prisoners of war from 9 Feb 1862,
until July 1865. Over 11,764 prisoners were confined.
Some 2,218 prisoners and guards died.
Smallpox resulted in the prison being quarantined for a time.
Prisoners with smallpox were put on Smallpox Island in the
Mississippi River. Some 300 that died were buried there. The
island is now underwater. The rest of the burials some 1,534,
are in a mass grave in North Alton.
7 Mar-16 Mar 1864 William Colwell is listed as in the hospital, at the
prison, with Typhoid, and Malaria fever.
14 April-1 June 1864 William Colwell is listed as in the hospital at the
prison with pneumonia.
14 Dec 1863 A Pvt William Caldwell, Co B. 10 Regiment has died at the
Alton prison hospital. He had Rubeola, Flux, and smallpox.
7 July 1864 William S. Colwell (Carwell) (Coldwell) dies at the USA Post
and Prison Hospital at the Alton, Illinois prison, for Confederate
prisoners of war. It is possible that all records refer to William
Colwell, but considered unlikely. Some of the military records
are for William Calwell, probably our man, and some for W.
Coldwell, who also has the same history. His burial record says
he was a private in Co B, 10th Mo., died 7/7 1864, and is buried
in the Confederate Cemetery. This should be our ancestor.
Other confusing records are for William C. Calwell, 2nd Reg
Tenn. Inf., Pvt William Cardwell, Co I, 7th Ark., captured at
Helena Ark., Pvt William Cardwell, Co C, Porters Mo,
Captured in Mcnary Co. Tenn.
14 Sept 1864 Gustave Werneke, Amelia Carwell's future husband enlists as
a private in the 49th Vol Regt Inf. at Warrenton.
22 Sept 1864 Herman H. Schaper Jr, William Colwell's brother-in-law,
John and Amelia Carwells guardian, enlists in the Union Army
as a 2nd Lt. 49th Vol. Regt Inf. Co E, at Warrenton. Fritz
Eversmeyer, a Schafer relative, also enlists at the same time
in Co. E, as a 1st Lt. When the regiment is full it moves to
Oct 1864 The 49th Reg. is moved to Jefferson City to prevent Price from
crossing the Missouri River.
18 Nov 1864 Joseph Rinaman enlists as a private in Co E of the 49th Regt
at Mexico, Mo. He and Welty Smith will marry each others
sisters after the war.
Fall 1864 After Price retreats from the state, the 49th Regt returns to
1Jan 1865 The 49th Mo is scattered throughout several counties in North
Missouri, along the line of the North Missouri Railroad.
30 Jan 1865 The 49th Regt is ordered to St Louis.
10 Feb 1865 The 49th Regt is loaded up on boats headed for New Orleans.
21 Feb 1865 The 49th Regt lands at New Orleans. They are assigned to
the 16th Army Corp.
10 Mar 1865 The 49th Regt leaves New Orleans by steamer for Dauphin
Island, at the entrance to Mobile Bay.
20 Mar 1865 The 49th Regt leaves Dauphin Island, and proceeds by the Gulf
of Mexico to Fish River, which they steam up for 20 miles.
After disembarking they proceed west toward the city of
27 Mar 1865 The 49th has reached Spanish Fort, across the bay from
Mobile, and lays siege on that morning.
9 April 1865 Spanish Fort surrenders. The 49th was on the right of the main
line, and lost 21 killed and wounded.
10 Apr 1865 The 49 Regt marches toward Fort Blakely, 4 miles north.
Before they arrive the Fort surrenders. The attack on this fort
began 6 hours after Lee's surrender at Appomatox, and was
the last battle of the Civil War.
11 Apr 1865 The 49th Regt marches toward Montgomery, Ala. 200 miles
26 Apr 1865 The 49th Regt reaches Montgomery Ala. Fifty two of the
men die of sickness while here.
14 July 1865 Eight Companies of the regiment, whose men have
enlistments ending are ordered to report to St Louis for
mustering out. They leave by train in the evening, and
proceed by way of Selma, Meridian, Jackson, and Vicksburg
to St Louis. The station master at Marion Junction, on the
Selma and Meridian Railroad, was John Wilson. He is Joseph
Rinamans uncle, and was a Lincoln county
Reb who has lost an arm at Iuka/Corinth. He was paroled at
Vicksburg. He was still at his job when the 49th
Regt boys rolled through on the train.
2 Aug 1865 Herman H. Schaper Jr and Fritz Eversmeyer are discharged
from the Union Army
in St Louis, Mo. Gustave Werneke, who will marry Amelia
Carwell, is also in the 49th Regiment, Missouri Infantry,
Volunteers, and is also discharged on this day.
5 Feb 1866 Caroline Windmeyer, Frederick's wife has died in childbirth.
The child, Ernst (Ernest) H., will be taken in by Herman Henry
Schaper Jr, and be adopted. He will take the Schaper name. c.a.
1866 Matilda Carwell will marry John Snider. They will stay in
Missouri till 1880 then move to Illinois. At some later time
they will move to Arkansas. On the 1880 census he lists his
occupation as a teamster. They will have 11 children. It has
not been determined where in Missouri they spend the next
1867 John and Matilda Snider have a daughter Elizabeth.
11 July 1868 Herman Schaper Sr dies in Lincoln County, Mo. He is
buried in the old cemetery on the Sievert place.
1868 John and Matilda Snider have a daughter Emilia.
10 Feb 1870 Amelia Carwell, John's sister, marries Gustave Werneke.
They will move to Kansas and have three children, Adeline,
Harry, Edwin. Amelia will remarry and have two more,
William, and Milton. Another record says the marriage was
10 Feb 1871.
1870 census Frederick Windmeyer is 47. his household consists of
Johannah, 16, who is keeping house, and is raising her
brothers and sisters, Frederick Jr, 14, August, 11, Caroline 8,
and Anna 6.
Herman Schaper Jr is 40. His household has his wife "Mina"
43, Mary Meyers 74, Wilhamenas mother, John Carwell, 20,
Louis Schaper, 18, Anna Burton 12, and Anson Windmeyer 4.
This is Ernst, and he has not been adopted yet.
Kasper Henry Schaper is 36, his wife Henrietta is 33. His
household contains Herman, 13, Gustov, 5, John, 3, and Sarah,
½. Also there are Gustof Kahl, 28, a laborer, Henny Eualina, a
girl 11, and Henry Schaper 10.
1871 John and Matilda Snider have a son John Hy.
1873 John and Matilda Snider have a son Gustave.
1874 John and Matilda Snider have a daughter Anna.
27 Dec 1874 John Henry Carwell marries Johannah Charlotte
Windmeyer, at the Zoar Church in Lincoln County, Mo.
They will have ten children, two of which will die young. The
surviving girls are Lydia Wilhemina G0, Anna, Caroline
(Carrie), Augusta (Gussie), and Adeline. His surviving sons
were Fred, George, and Henry Gustav. George and Anna are
twins. They have been members of the Indian Camp German
M.E. Church which will later become the Zoar Methodist
Episcopal Church. The children attend one room Hammond
School a couple of miles from home.
5 Mar 1875 Gustave Werneke and Amelia Carwell Werneke, purchase a
farm near Caldwell, Kansas.
14 Mar 1875 Casper Henry Schaper's wife Henrietta has died. Before the
year is out he will marry Anna Theye Siebert, a widow.
They will have no children. He will adopt her two children.
1875 John and Matilda Snider have a daughter Mary.
9 Aug 1875 Lydia Wilhelmina Carwell is born in Lincoln Co. Mo. G0
1876 land map Twnshp 48 N, R 1 W William Schaper is on the Herman
Schaper Sr homeplace. It has 140 acres. Herman Jr and
Kasper Schaper have bought most of Spanish land grant 370,
lying mostly in Section 21, plus a little around the edge. Kasper
has 156 acres, Herman Jr, 262 acres. Frederick Windmeyer
has part of the eastern portion for a total of 61 acres.
12 Feb 1877 John and Johanna Carwell have a daughter Johanna Christine,
that will die on 12 Mar 1877. She is buried in Zoar Cemetery.
22 Mar 1878 John and Johanna Carwell have a son Frederic William
1878 John and Matilda Snider have a son, William.
early 1880 John and Matilda Snider have a daughter Sarah. They then
leave Missouri, for Fieldon, Jersey County Illinois. At some
point they will move on to Arkansas. Their other two reported
children have not yet been identified. Their daughters
Elizabeth, 13, and Emilia, 12, are listed as servants in the
26 May 1880 John and Johanna Carwell have a son John Henry Jr.
He will die on 29 May 1880. He is buried in Zoar Cemetery.
1880 census Henry Dunard is working as a farm hand for John Carwell.
Frederick "Fritz" Windmeyer is listed as 55. He is living
with August, 20, listed as at school, Caroline 18, keeping house,
and Annie 16, at school. Earnest Windmeyer, his youngest
child, 14, is living with Kasper Schaper, and is listed as at
school. He has not been adopted yet.
1881 Herman Henry Schaper Jr moves of the farm to Wright City.
9 June 1882 Gustave Werneke, Amelia's husband dies. Home Falls
Township, Sumner Co. Kansas.
9 Nov 1882 John and Johanna Carwell have a daughter, Anna C.
5 April 1883 Amelia Carwell Werneke marries George Mayer,(Meyer).
13 Dec 1883 Frederick's daughter, Caroline Catherine Windmeyer, marries
Herman Ernest Schaper, Kaspers son, Herman Schaper Sr's
1884 Gustave Werneke's brother, Herman, and his wife move to
Ca 1884 John and Johanna Carwell have a son, George Herman.
16 July 1885 Something has happened to Amelia Carwells second husband,
because in this year she marries Benjamin Green, and has two
more children. Amelias sons, Willie and Milton Green, or
Amelia, run one of her husbands off. Benjamin Green by one
source. Benjamin, remarries a couple of times, and ends up in
Alfalfa County, Oklahoma. Amelia and her sons, Willie and
Milton, who never marry, stay on the farm till they die.
29 Aug 1886 John and Johannah Carwell have a son Henry Gustave.
17 July 1888 John and Johannah Carwell have a daughter, Caroline
Cornelia Carwell, born in Lincoln Co. Mo.
2 May 1891 John and Johanna Carwell have a daughter Pauline Augusta.
26 Feb 1895 John and Johanna Carwell have a daughter, Adeline.
Sept 1898 Orion Smith asks Lydia Carwell to marry him. They will
keep their engagement secret for over 2 years, but the families
all guess what's going on.
ca 1890 John Carwell builds a new big house. It is two story, with a
upstairs divided into four big bedrooms. Two are for the boys,
and can only be reached by going out on the back porch and up
some stairs. The other two are for the girls, and can be reached
by stairs inside the house. Lydia gets to help move into the
new house. Anna has to watch the younger kids. The dining
room had fancy wainscoting. The living room had a elaborate
ceiling hung fixture for the lamps. There was a Peoria wood
stove in the house. When Lydia and Orion were courting,
her sisters would sit by the stove and say Pe Orie to bug her.
11 May 1890 Lydia Carwell receives a certificate of Catechism from the
Zoar Chapel at Indian Camp, Lincoln county, Mo. It is printed
in German. The Zoar Methodist Episipal Church was built
in 1875. The original church was in a log church 3 miles SW
of the current location. It was known as Indian Camp Church.
20 Jan 1891 Herman Henrich Schaper Jr's first wife, Wilhemena has died.
2 May 1891 Augusta Pauline Carwell is born in Lincoln Co. Mo.
1892 Raymond Brown, who will marry Augusta Carwell is born.
13 Dec 1893 Henry Ernest Schaper, Caspers son, marries Caroline
Catherine Windmeyer in Lincoln Co. Mo. They will have
26 Feb 1895 Adeline Emelia Carwell is born in Lincoln Co. Mo.
7 Mar 1895 Casper Henry Schaper's second wife Anna has died.
26 June 1895 Casper Henry Schaper marries his third wife, Emma Louise
Engelbrecht Jacobs, a widow. They will have five children,
and two step children.
20 Aug 1895 Herman Heinrich Schaper Jr marries his second wife, Carrie
Stoerker, in St Louis, Mo.
15 Aug 1896 A Herman Schaper has filed on 80 acres in Twn 41N, R 1W.
It is the NW ¼ of the NW ¼ and the NE ¼ of the NW ¼ of
Sect 33. This entry doesn't make sense, as the land was
owned by W. Schaper and W Schloeman in 1876, and one
half of it was in H. Schapers name in 1860. This is Herman
Henrichs Sr's homeplace, as there is Seivert land to the South
and Strathman land across the road. It can't be Sr as he has
died, so it must be Jr. Perhaps there was some problem with the
31 Dec 1897 Frederick Wilhelm Nolting Windmeyer has died at his home
place, now the home of his son-in-law Henry E. Shaper, near
Big Creek in Clark Twnsp. He is 75 years old. He is buried
at the Zoar, German M.E. Church, in Lincoln County. Services
are given in both German and English.
18 Mar 1898 Mathilda Carwell Snider, John's sister, dies in Arkansas,
of a ulcerated stomach. A letter telling of her death comes
from Dora, Arkansas, so she probably lived nearby.
ca 1900 land map Kasper Schaper has bought Herman Jr out, and now
owns 460 acres primarily in Section 21, Twnsp 48N, R 1W.
Herman Jr has moved to Wright City.
H.E. Schaper, who married Caroline Catherine Windmeyer.
has the Windmeyer land. John Carwell has bought 268 acres of
the Jameson Estate, in Sections 6 and 7. Linns Mill has a
Methodist Episcopal Church.
1900 census John Carwell is 50. His family consists of Joanna 45,
Lidy W. 24, Freddie W. 22, Anna C. 17, George H. 17,
Henry G. 14, Carrie C. 11,Gussie P. 9, and Adaline A. 5.
2 Dec 1900 Adeline Carwell writes Santa Claus, and asks for a nice story
book, some candy and a orange. She is 5, and has been to
school some. Gussie Carwell writes and wants a doll, some
candy, and a orange. She is 9, and likes going to school.
Raymond Brown, who will eventually marry Augusta "Gussie"
Carwell, writes Santa Claus a letter. He wants a train with 14
cars. He thanks him for what he brought last year. He is 8,
his sister Neva is 10. He wants Santa to bring Aunt Lizzie
something. He adds a P.S. If you see anything of Mr Bohmer
give him some "kandy". He was our "teecher" last year. Troy
1 Feb 1901 Lydia begins a long letter to Orion, which she finishes on
4 Feb. She reminds him that he asked her to marry him 2 and ½
years ago. They are getting married in 5 weeks and a few days.
They are trying to figure out if they should get married at noon.
Al Clagget has gone to Colorado. Anna has gotten the music
for the wedding march.
22 Feb 1901 Amelia Carwell Werneke's daughter, Mrs. Janus Fisk, writes
Lydia, from Caldwell, Kansas. She was married 4 Jan 1900.
Her brother Harry married Lilly Coffell on 26 Aug 1900. He
and his wife are living with Amelia. Her brother Edwin is still
single and living at home. Her other brothers Willie and Milton
are almost grown. Amelia has a new six room house, about 3
miles away. She lists all the wedding presents she got,
including $5.00 from John Carwell, and $5.00 from Herman
Schaper. She spends the money on silverware. There is
smallpox in the neighborhood. 10 Mar 1901 Lydia Wilhamenia Carwell marries Orion Russell Smith.
See the Welty Smith Chronicle for the full details of their
courtship, and married life.
7 Jan 1902 Carrie writes her sister Lydia, kidding her about how her
newborn nephew Henry, looks. Her side won a spelling match
at school. Her brother George is raising Angora goats.
Caroline, Gussie, and Anna sold a pig to their dad for a total
of $4.00. John Carwell saw Welty Smith, who said "Henry
was getting awfully fat". Santa brought Joanna a cookbook,
and a handkerchief, Henry got a book "The Boy Conquer",
Adeline got a plate, a game and some shoes. There were many
other presents. Fred has gone back to school. Anna has three
music students, including Gussie. She closed by sending a
recipe for Catarrh.
26 Dec 1906 Anna Carwell marries Verner Smith. See the Welty Smith
Chronicle for more details on this marriage.
Early 1908 John Carwell is serving as a juror in the U.S. District Court
in St Louis. He develops grip and rheumatism, which leads
to his eventual death. He is buried at the Zoar Church.
26 June 1908 John H. Carwell dies, Troy Mo. He was 58 years old.
He is buried in Zoar Cemetery. His obituary says Indian Camp
Cemetery. His sister Amelia is now Amelia Green.
16 June 1909 Herman Heinrich Schaper Jr dies, in Wright City, Mo.
He is buried in the Zoar Cemetery. Although he had no
children of his own, he had adopted Ernst Windmeyer,
and gave him the Schaper name. He had also taken in John
and Amelia Carwell, Henry Eversmeyer, and Annie Burton.
1910 census Hannah "Johannah" Carwell heads the family. With her are
Carrie 22, Gussie 19, and Adeline 15. Henry G. Carwell 24,
and his wife 21, live next door.
28 Feb 1912 Caroline Carwell marries Edward R. Fredde. of Wright City.
They will move to a farm near the Carwells. Their oldest
daughter, Marjorie will marry Hurley Creech, a descendant
of LeeAnnah Smith Creech. LeeAnnah's story can be found
in the William Smith Sr Chronology.
1913 Adeline Emelia Carwell graduates from Birdie Wulff's
Conservatory of Music. She is 18.
14 Aug 1914 Augusta Pauline Carwell marries Raymond Edward Brown
of Lincoln Co.
1915 Louis Schaper donates land in Linns Mill for a Methodist
Episcopal Church. A nice church is built, but it is torn
down in 1925.
30 July 1916 Adeline Emilia Carwell marries Thomas D. Kemper Jr
of Lincoln Co.
2 Jan 1917 Casper Henry (Caspar Heinrich) Schaper has died at his home, in
Wright City. Mo. He is buried in the Zoar Cemetery. He has
raised 13 children by two wives, 4 stepchildren, 2 of which he
has adopted, and Matilda Carwell, his niece.
1920 census Hannah C. Carwell 65, is living with her son in law,
Edward H. Fredde, and daughter, Carrie Fredde, and
granddaughter, Majorie 4. Anna, wife of Verner Smith lives
Henry Carwell 34, and family are farming in Bedford township. Dec 1923 Henry Carwell and wife Ruth send Orion and Lydia a
Christmas card from Chillicothe, Mo. where they are
11Oct 1924 Fred Carwell and family are visiting in Lincoln County. They
have had dinner with Orion and Lydia, and are headed off to
visit Aunt Gussie, Aunt Adeline, and Aunt Anna. They will
go to visit Johanna Carwell at her home tomorrow.
Dec 1924 Henry Carwell and wife are in Kansas City, Mo. They send
Orion and Lydia a Christmas card. Fred send one from
Palmyra. They also get one from Tom and Adeline Carwell
20 May 1926 Luella Georgia Carwell, Georges daughter, graduates from
White Cloud High School, white Cloud, Kansas.
ca 1926 Johanna Carwell still owns 153 acres of the home place in
Section 6 and 7 of Twnshp 48 N, R 1 W. Welty Smith, Verner
Smith and Ed Freddie have bought the rest of the home place.
Verner and Ed have married her daughters, Anna, and Caroline.
8 Aug 1926 George Carwell, White Cloud, Kansas, has written Henry Smith,
his nephew. George has bees, as does Henry, that have made
4,000 lbs of honey.
He has wheat, corn, oats, and hay. Has had a bad drought.
He also has 41 hogs, and 60 June pigs. George seems to have a
lot of acreage, and quite a operation. Henry Carwell, his
brother has been out visiting. They went to the rodeo.
17 Nov 1926-2 March 1928 Luella Carwell and Henry Smith, first cousins
are writing. They are both in college and comparing notes. She
is going to Baker University, about 10 miles from home. She
keeps track of what he and Vernette "Red" Smith are up to,
12 Dec 1926 George Carwell writes Henry again. Lots of talk about the
Kansas and Mu football teams. Henry apparently took
Marguerite, Alma, and Orion to the game with K.U. George is
feeding 60 white face cows. Has lots of pigs being born.
His daughter Luella is in school. George also sends Orion and
Lydia a Christmas card this month.
Dec 1926 Fred Carwell and Lydia send Orion and Lydia a Christmas
card from Withers Mill, Mo. This town is just west of Hannibal
and near Palmyra.
June 1927 Henry Carwell and family, and Fritz Windmeyer, from Missouri,
and the Gustave Windmeyer family, who live near George
Carwell, have been at George Carwell's for a visit.
Aug 1927 George Carwell and family have been back to Lincoln County,
Mo. for a visit.
Dec 1927 Henry and Ruth Carwell send Orion and Lydia a Christmas card
from Hot Springs National Park, Ark. They may be living in Hot
Dec 1928 Henry and Ruth Carwell send Orion and Lydia a Christmas card
from Hot Springs National Park Ark. Fred and Lydia Carwell
send one from Withers Mill, Mo.
28 Feb 1928 Luella Carwell, George's daughter, has been sick and is taking
a semester off from school at Baker University. Johnie Carwell,
her brother, is a sub on the high school basketball team.
7 Aug 1928 Anna sends Lydia a birthday card.
June 1928 Irma F. Carwell, Freds daughter, is graduating from Quincy, Ill.
High School. His daughter Ruth Emma Carwell, graduates
from Palmyra High School, year uncertain.
16 May 1929 John Carwell, Georges son, is graduating from White Cloud
High School, White Cloud, Kansas.
April 1930 Census Hannah Carwell age 76, is living with daughter, Carrie
age 41, and her husband Ed Fredde. The children are Marjorie
age 14, and Luceile A. age 9. Carrie will lose her egg money in
a bank failure in the coming depression, go into depression
herself, and have to be closely watched the rest of her life.
Next door daughter Anna C. age 47, is living with her husband
Verner Smith, age 50. The children are Vernette C. age 22, and
Merrill W. age 18. Also in the neighborhood are Oswald and
Elbert Smith, and Welty Smith their dad. Daughter Gussie P.
wife of Raymond Brown, is not to far away, with children,
Floriene age 15, Charlotte L. age 13, Pauline R. age 12, Avonelia
R. age 10, Maxene age 8, June C. age 6, Kell N. age 4, and
James C. age 1. Also living with them is the grandmother
Bettie L. Brown, age 68. Eugene will be born about 1935,
completing the family.
In the same township is daughter Adeline age 35, with husband
Thomas Kemper age 37, and children John T. age 12, and Harriet
E. age 9.
14 April 1933 Amelia Carwell Werneke, John's sister, dies in Home Falls
Township, Sumner County, Kansas.
She is buried in the Caldwell cemetery in Caldwell, Kansas.
24 July 1943 Johannah Windmeyer Carwell dies, at her daughter Augusta
Carwell Brown home, at the Raymond Brown farm.
She is buried in Zoar Cemetery.
14 Jan 1949 Caroline Catherine Windmeyer Schaper dies, Troy, Mo.
28 June 1955 Caroline Cornelia Carwell Fredde dies, Troy, Mo.
30 Jan 1966 Augusta's husband, Raymond Brown dies, Troy, Mo.
23 Sept 1976 Augusta Pauline Carwell Brown dies in Troy, Mo.
18 Jan 1978 Adeline's husband, Thomas Kemper Jr dies, Troy, Mo.
31 Mar 1981 Adeline Emalia Carwell Kemper dies, Troy, Mo.
Prepared and copyrighted by Willard S. Bacon, 2003. 120 Beechwood Circle, Manchester, Tenn. 37355. A primary source of data for this work was Ms Mary Irene Bergfield, of Troy, the Schaper family historian. The civil war record of William Calwell was produced from his war records, books on the Missouri State Guard, and material from web sites covering the battles at Prairie Grove, and Helena.